NEW BRUNSWICK, NJ - Between 36% and 47% of New Jerseyans say they will “probably” or “definitely” not get vaccinated against COVID-19, with response rates varying depending on how the question is asked, according to the latest Rutgers-Eagleton Poll.

Among individuals reluctant to get vaccinated, 80% cite a concern about side effects, and 82% cite the need for more information about how the vaccine works as “major reasons” for their resistance. Fewer respondents cite not feeling they need it (a major reason for 25%, and minor reason for 23%) or the potential cost (a major reason for 15% and minor reason for 22%).

“With the recent positive news from Pfizer and Moderna, it is likely that public opinion on immunization will continue to shift and evolve,” said Ashley Koning, assistant research professor and director of the Eagleton Center for Public Interest Polling at Rutgers University–New Brunswick. “But right now, a large portion of New Jerseyans are still wary, which makes any future messaging encouraging vaccination that much more important.”

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The proportion of those who say they would “definitely” or “probably” get vaccinated varies depending on how the vaccine is described. When framed as a “first-generation” vaccine, 17% say they would “definitely” and 32% say they would “probably” get vaccinated. The numbers increase to 20% “definitely” and 33% “probably” when asked simply about a “vaccine.” Respondents are most enthusiastic — 36% “definitely” and 24% “probably” — when it is described as “safe and effective.”

“We know that how something is worded or framed makes a difference in how people respond,” noted Koning. “The more the vaccine is described with some sense of certainty, the more agreeable residents are to getting it.”

Vaccine or no vaccine, New Jerseyans do not see the Garden State returning to normal anytime soon. Forty-two percent feel New Jersey will not be back to normal until 6 months to a year from now. Another 30% feel it will take longer. Twenty-three percent, on the other hand, believe things will be better within the next six months.

Sixty-six percent of New Jerseyans say they know someone who has tested positive for coronavirus, up a few points since the Rutgers-Eagleton Poll first asked this question in May. Seventy-one percent are worried (30% “very,” 41% “somewhat”) that they or someone in their household will get sick from the coronavirus, though this is down from last spring (41% “very,” 38% “somewhat”).

Assessed prior to the 2020 U.S. Presidential Election, President Donald Trump continues to receive a failing grade from almost half of New Jerseyans for his handling of the pandemic, up a few points from May. The vast majority of Democrats (81%) and a plurality of independents (41%) give Trump an ‘F.’ Republicans, however, are overwhelmingly behind their president: 49% give him an ‘A,’ and another 31% give him a ‘B.’

Grades for both how one’s local elected officials and Governor Phil Murphy are handling the pandemic are slightly down, each taking a double-digit hit in the number who assign them an ‘A’; 22% now give local officials an ‘A’ (down from 30%), and 26% now give the same to Murphy (down from 39%).

Murphy’s overall job approval and favorability have also declined, though both are still in positive territory. Sixty-two percent now approve of the overall job Murphy is doing as governor, while 33 percent disapprove. Fifty-four percent now have a favorable impression of the governor (down from 59 percent); 28 percent have an unfavorable impression (up from 20 percent).

“Despite this decrease, Murphy’s current favorability rating is still one of the all-time highest for a governor in New Jersey, next to Governors Kean, Whitman, McGreevy, and Christie, who have all passed the 50% mark,” said Koning. “But it seems the governor’s rally ‘round the flag moment from last spring is dissipating as the pandemic continues on and as decisions regarding public health and the economy grow tougher.”

Results are from a statewide poll of 1,001 adults contacted by live callers on landlines and cell phones from Oct. 18–24. The full sample has a margin of error of +/- 3.8 percentage points.

View the questions and tables here.