CRANFORD, NJ – The Cranford Health Department is urging residents to take caution in hot temperatures and take steps to prevent heat exhaustion and heatstroke.

Following a cooler week, temperatures in Cranford are expected to reach 90 degrees next week, according to the National Weather Service. The health department asks seniors, children and those with chronic illness to take extra caution.

To avoid heat exhaustion the Cranford Health Department has released these tips:

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  1. Drink plenty of water or other non-alcoholic beverages
  2. Make sure children and the elderly are drinking water, and ensure that persons with mobility problems have adequate fluids in easy reach
  3. Wear sunglasses that block both UVA and UVB rays
  4. Use sunscreen with SPF 15 or higher and both UVA and UVB protection
  5. If you do not have air conditioning, spend time in air-conditioned places such as libraries, movies, malls or other public buildings during the hottest hours of the day. Check with your municipality to see if cooling centers are available.
  6. Wear loose and light-colored clothing.  Wear a hat when outdoors.
  7. Reduce physical activity or reschedule it for cooler times of the day (early morning or evening)
  8. Don’t leave children, a frail elderly or disabled person, or pets in an enclosed car — not even for a minute — as temperatures can quickly climb to dangerous levels
  9. Consult health care professionals regarding any medicine or drugs you are taking. Certain medications — such as tranquilizers and drugs used to treat Parkinson’s disease — can increase the risk of heat-related illness.

According to the health department, symptoms of heatstroke include “hot, dry skin, a high body temperature of 106 degrees or more, an absence of sweat and a rapid and strong pulse.”

“Victims may become delirious or unconscious,” the health department wrote in a statement. “Persons suffering from heatstroke should seek immediate medical attention.”

Heat exhaustion, which is less severe than heatstroke, manifests in symptoms including pale and clammy skin and sweating profusely. Although sufferers from heat exhaustion may be dizzy, nauseous or experience a headache, their body will maintain a normal temperature.

In addition, the health department asks pet owners to protect their animals from the heat as well. Pets should be kept indoors in air conditioned rooms during extreme temperatures. Dogs and other pets should never be left in hot cars, and walks should be limited to early morning or evenings when the temperature is cooler.

If a pet shows symptoms of heatstroke, including vomiting, heavy panting, disorientation or collapse, seek immediate veterinary care.

“During these times of extreme heat and humidity residents should take extreme caution and prevention steps to ensure their safety from heat related illness,” the department wrote.