CRANFORD, NJ – The Cranford Police Department via a Nixle alert has issued an excessive heat warning through Sunday at 10 p.m..

Oppressive heat and humidity are expected through the weekend with the highest indices in the mid to late afternoon.
- Heat index on Saturday 105-110 degrees
- Heat index on Sunday 100-105 degrees

The combination of heat and humidity will increase the risk of health related issues, especially for the elderly, those with chronic health issues, such as lung and heart disease, those working outdoors and other heat sensitive groups.
Precautions:
- Use air conditioning to stay cool at home or go to a place that has air conditioning
- Check on vulnerable friends, family members and neighbors
- wear light weight, loose fitting clothing
- Drink plenty of water
- Reschedule strenuous activities to early morning or evening
- Avoid alcoholic beverages

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With an excessive heat warning issued, it is important to recognize the symptoms of heat stroke and heat exhaustion.

Warning signs of heat stroke vary but may include the following:
•An extremely high body temperature (above 103°F, orally)
•Red, hot, and dry skin (no sweating)
•Rapid, strong pulse
•Throbbing headache
•Dizziness
•Nausea
•Confusion
•Unconsciousness

What to Do - If you see any of these signs, you may be dealing with a life-threatening emergency. Have someone call for immediate medical assistance while you begin cooling the victim. Do the following:
•Get the victim to a shady area.
•Cool the victim rapidly using whatever methods you can. For example, immerse the victim in a tub of cool water; place the person in a cool shower; spray the victim with cool water from a garden hose; sponge the person with cool water; or if the humidity is low, wrap the victim in a cool, wet sheet and fan him or her vigorously.
•Monitor body temperature, and continue cooling efforts until the body temperature drops to 101-102°F.
•If emergency medical personnel are delayed, call the hospital emergency room for further instructions.
•Do not give the victim fluids to drink.
•Get medical assistance as soon as possible.

Sometimes a victim's muscles will begin to twitch uncontrollably as a result of heat stroke. If this happens, keep the victim from injuring himself, but do not place any object in the mouth and do not give fluids. If there is vomiting, make sure the airway remains open by turning the victim on his or her side.

Warning signs of Heat Exhaustion:

Heat exhaustion is a milder form of heat-related illness that can develop after several days of exposure to high temperatures and inadequate or unbalanced replacement of fluids. It is the body's response to an excessive loss of the water and salt contained in sweat. Those most prone to heat exhaustion are elderly people, people with high blood pressure, and people working or exercising in a hot environment.

Recognizing Heat Exhaustion - Warning signs of heat exhaustion include the following:
•Heavy sweating
•Paleness
•Muscle cramps
•Tiredness
•Weakness
•Dizziness
•Headache
•Nausea or vomiting
•Fainting

The skin may be cool and moist. The victim's pulse rate will be fast and weak, and breathing will be fast and shallow. If heat exhaustion is untreated, it may progress to heat stroke. Seek medical attention immediately if any of the following occurs:
•Symptoms are severe
•The victim has heart problems or high blood pressure

Otherwise, help the victim to cool off, and seek medical attention if symptoms worsen or last longer than 1 hour.