NEW JERSEY — Removing “freeholder” from New Jersey’s 21 county legislative boards will mean the country’s full eradication of the title — which has been called confusing, insensitive and racist.
The inspiration for the change came from Union County Freeholder Angela Garretson, who broached the subject with Gov. Phil Murphy and State Senate President Stephen Sweeney during an event at the Community Food Bank of New Jersey in Hillside on Thursday.
Garretson, who among others has lobbied for the change in year’s past, also reportedly made the suggestion to Assembly Speaker Craig Coughlin recently.
Local resident, Somerset County Freeholder Director Shanel Robinson says black elected officials need to demand change.
"The name change comes at a crucial time in our state and in our country where we need to eliminate the use of terms, terminology, ideology, laws and practices that do not reflect who we are today," Robinson said in a statement. "While the work must be done and is expected to be done, regardless of the title, black elected officials are no longer asking for change but are demanding it."
“It is high time this name went into the dustbin of history and I'm very happy we're going to do it, I hope sooner than later,” Murphy said Friday during his coronavirus press briefing.
A proposed bill would alter the title from Board of Chosen Freeholders to the Chosen Board of County Commissioners. That it’s gained backing from three top Democratic lawmakers likely guarantees it will pass when considered next Thursday by a Senate committee.
When asked by a reporter whether other similar changes were forthcoming in the aftermath of social justice protests happening nationwide following the police killing of George Floyd, the governor said, “I’ve got nothing else on the list right now…but we're constantly thinking that through, and we're taking advice from folks.”
The centuries-old "freeholder” derives from an old English term and harkens back to prior to the American Revolution, translating to the people who qualified to take on public office: white male owners of debt-free land.
According to New Jersey's first constitution, adopted on July 2, 1776, two days before the Declaration of Independence, a county representative must be worth, “fifty pounds proclamation money, clear estate in the same and have resided in the county in which they claim a vote for twelve months immediately preceding the election."
At the time, African American slaves and women were not able to own property, and thus were prevented from holding public office.
“As our nation tears down symbols of injustice, we must also tear down words we use in New Jersey that were born from racism,” Murphy, Sweeney, and Coughlin said in a joint statement.