MILLBURN, NJ - As the nation celebrates Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, it's sometimes tricky to figure out what is closed in and around Millburn. The following businesses and institutions are closed:
- Town Hall and Township Offices
- Post offices and there is no mail delivery
- Courts, Federal and State offices
- Millburn Free Public Library
- Banks and the NYSE
Martin Luther King Jr. was born January 15, 1929, and was an American Baptist minister and activist who was a leader of the Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience based on his Christian beliefs. King also helped to organize the 1963 March on Washington, where he delivered his famous "I Have a Dream" speech. King was assassinated by James Earl Ray on April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee.
Martin Luther King, Jr Day is celebrated on the third Monday in January as it falls nearest to his actual birthdate of January 15th. It was established in 1983 and first observed three years later, under the principles of the Uniform Monday Holiday Act, whereas Congress amended the federal holiday provisions of the United States Code to establish the observance of certain holidays on Mondays.
The Act was signed into law on June 28, 1968, and took effect on January 1, 1971. The Act moved Washington's Birthday (February 22), Memorial Day (May 30), and Veterans Day (November 11) from fixed dates to designated Mondays. It also established Columbus Day as a federal holiday The Act was designed to increase the number of three-day weekends for federal employees. Veterans Day was later was returned to November 11, rather than a fixed Monday.
While MLK day was established as a holiday by Ronald Reagan in 1983, it was not observed in all 50 states until 2000.