The U.S. Army is making a historic move Jan. 3 when it will begin to administer a new Occupational Physical Assessment Test to all new recruits before they ship to basic training.

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The OPAT, combined with the current requirements for enlistment, will help the Army assess the whole person to determine which occupations are best suited, both physically and mentally, for each individual.

The new test is expected to reduce injuries during training, which often leads to attrition in the force.

Recruiters will be responsible for administering the new test, which consists of four different physical challenges – standing long jump, seated power throw, deadlift and aerobic interval run.