Guest Column

Tech Tip #6: How to detect and remove Malware installation on your phone or your computer?

92e711345e23d3a219a2_malware.jpeg
92e711345e23d3a219a2_malware.jpeg

According to a report from Kaspersky Labs, a leading computer security company the number of new malware files detected by its products in 2016 increased to 323,000 per day.

The easiest way for a hacker to enter your phone is through malware. In this article, we will introduce to the concept of malware, how to prevent malware from getting installed on your phone and what you can do to remove already installed malware.

WHAT IS MALWARE?

Sign Up for E-News

Malware, or malicious software, is any computer program or file that is harmful to a computer. The malware can steal your personal information or take control of your device or even delete information on your device.

Types of Malware

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Figure 1: Different forms of malware 

Malware comes in different forms such computer viruses, worms, Trojan horses and spyware (Figure 1.). These malicious programs can steal or delete sensitive data, hijack your computer, control and monitor users' computer activity without their permission.

  • A computer virus typically is a malicious program that writes over a host file and gets propagated via email or file transfers to other computers.
  • A worm doesn't’t need human action to propagate itself.  It replicates itself and for example, sends a copy of itself to all the emails in your address book or contacts list.
  • A Trojan horse true to its name comes in the guise of a legitimate app but actually takes control of your computer. It may also create a backdoor that will let the hacker go in and out of the system anytime.
  • Spyware collects data and information on your activities on the device.
  • Ransom ware takes control of the user’s computer or device and encrypts the data on the device and demands a ransom for decryption.
  • Rootkits are fairly complex malware. The name “Root” comes from the term used for administrators on Unix.  Rootkits are vicious software that take control of your computer or device on an operating system level or the user level.

Rootkits cause instability in the operating system. Rootkits come in various forms – Kernel rootkits, firmware rookits that write to assembly code and virtual rootkits that take control of virtual OS.

You need special malware protection to tackle rootkits – RootKitRevealer, F-Secure Blacklight, ProcessGuard, Rootkit Hunter and Microsoft’s Windows malicious software tools – are some of the helpful tools available.

Adware is a type of software that annoys users with unwanted ad popups, degrading the system. While not malicious, it can degrade the performance of your system by taking up too many resources.

 

HOW DO YOU PREVENT MALWARE FROM GETTING INTO YOUR COMPUTER OR DEVICE?

The best practices for keeping your device secure have been discussed in a series of tech tips prior to this article.

Having an up to date anti-virus software on your computer or your phones will be extremely helpful as a first step. Every browser you use should have anti-malware extensions installed. For example, I have 'BitDefender' plugins installed on all of the browsers I use. Once you install it, it will check any incoming files or traffic forever and warn you against bad software downloads. Also, I keep an adware plugin called 'AdBlock Plus' on my chrome.  

Using recommended ad blockers and malware software is important as there are malware that masquerade the same names as the original malware blockers but actually cause harm to your computer.

In addition, you need to be extremely careful about where you download software for your computer or apps for your phone. Downloading apps only from the legitimate app stores and keeping all security settings enabled will keep your device safe.  You should not download suspicious or pirated apps. There are security settings in Android that warn you from picking up apps from 'Unknown Sources'. Avoid clicking on suspicious looking 'phishing' links in your emails as this can get malware on to your computer or device. 

Once you install anti-malware provider lke 'BitDefender', every search on your web browser is accompanied by a green circle if it is considered a legitimate website or search result as shown in Figure 2.

Authentic links from BitDefender

 

 

Figure 2:  TrafficLight from BitDefender marks websites as legitimate

 

HOW DO YOU KNOW IF MALWARE IS INSTALLED ON YOUR COMPUTER?

You know you have malware if your computer or phone has any of the following symptoms: 

  • Getting lots of popups and ads
  • The computer is extremely slow and sluggish
  • Excessive activity on your hard drive even when you are a way from your computer
  • Programs and windows on your computer opening and closing automatically
  • The anti-virus solution on your computer is disabled
  • Your friends are getting suspicious emails with or without attachments from you

Rootkit malware takes control of the operating system and comes with severe symptoms

  • The computer keyboard and mouse no longer works and it is locked up
  • Web pages do not get uploaded due to sudden increases in network traffic
  • Settings on the windows machines change without any input from you

HOW DO YOU REMOVE MALWARE AND PREVENT FUTURE ATTACKS?

If your computer or device has one or more of the symptoms described in the section 2 (How do you know if malware is installed on your computer?), you need to first make sure that you disconnect the computer from the internet and delete all temporary files on disk as well as the RAM. Uninstall all browser plugins and caches.

Next, use an anti-malware removal tool to clean the disk of all malware. Here are the top ten recommended anti-malware software packages. Any one of them can keep your computer safer and malware-proof.

  1. BitDefender
  2. Norton
  3. Kaspersky
  4. F-Secure
  5. Avira
  6. Avast
  7. E-Set
  8. McAfee
  9. G Data
  10. BullGuard

Many of these packages work on your phone as well –  Avast, AVG, BitDefender,  Kaspersky, Sophos and Norton are some of the more trusted brands in this area.

Malware protection software

 

For Windows-based PCs, there are also freeware tools such as ‘SpyBot Search & Destroy’, ‘ComboFix’ and ‘HijackThis’ available.

Running regular scans with one of these malware detection and prevention software on your computer will help prevent attacks. Also, the software notifies you immediately of any dangers of bad links when you are on the internet. Turning on auto-updates to keep the software update is important as this tool needs to be patched every day with new emerging threats.

 

 

 

The opinions expressed herein are the writer's alone, and do not reflect the opinions of TAPinto.net or anyone who works for TAPinto.net. TAPinto.net is not responsible for the accuracy of any of the information supplied by the writer. Click here to submit a Guest Column.

TAP Into Another Town's News:

You May Also Be Interested In

Sign Up for E-News

Morristown

AtlantiCast

AtlantiCast: Episode 16

Summer is in the air, and the latest episode of AtlantiCast is ready to help you enjoy some fun outdoors while staying safe! This week’s episode opens with tips for sunscreen usage from Atlantic Health System’s Chief Medical and Academic Officer, Dr. Jan Schwarz-Miller. You’ll also learn about how Atlantic Health System is advancing the future of health care through ...

Art Exhibition Opens at Morristown Temple; Meet the Artists Friday June 22

June 20, 2018

MORRISTOWN, NJ -  Temple B'nai Or is inviting the community to meet the artists of the Summer Art Show. 

Artists Oscar Beck and Carol Johnson will be at the Linda Grandis Blatt Gallery of Temple B'nai Or for an opening reception of their works on Friday June 22. Guests are invited from 5 - 6:30pm. The exhibition runs through August 30.

Beck uses graphite pencil to ...

Love Soccer? Come Watch FC Motown Take on Atlantic City FC; Students and Teachers are Free

MORRISTOWN, NJ - FC Motown is off to a flying start in the NPSL season, posting a conference best record of 5-0-0. Over this stretch, FC Motown has scored 20 goals over the 5 games, while conceding one goal. 

After a strong start to the season, FC Motown continues to get national recognition as the team has climbed up to 1st (out of 98 teams) in the latest NPSL ...

Free Hazardous Waste Event this Saturday in Morris Township

MORRIS TOWNSHIP, NJ - The Morris County Municipal Utilities Authority has scheduled a free Household Hazardous Waste Drop-Off event this Saturday, June 9, from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m.to help Morris County residents properly discard unwanted hazardous household products that have accumulated in their homes.

Saturday’s rain or shine event will be held at the Morris County Public Safety Training ...

Free Rabies Clinic For Dogs and Cats In Morristown June 16

June 15, 2018

MORRISTOWN, NJ - The Town of Morristown is providing dog and cat owners an opportunity to get a free rabies vaccination for your beloved pet. Morristown's Division of Health is holding this free rabies clinic on Saturday June 16, 2018  from 11:00 - 1:00 pm at Town Hall.

Pets who have never been vaccinated before will be given a one year vaccination. All other animals will ...

Free Training for Parents/Caregivers to Keep Kids Safe on Mobile Devices

PARSIPPANY, NJ -  With school ending soon do you know how to keep your kids safe on mobile devices?

NewBridge Services is hosting a free training June 13 at its Parsippany location to teach parents and other caregivers how to to keep children and teenagers safe when they use mobile devices.

The two-hour program on June 13, will start at 4:30 p.m.  The program will address phone ...

Garden State Harley Davidson Cancels Weekend Event Due to Weather

**Please note this event has been cancelled due to the impending weather**

MORRIS PLAINS, NJ -  Garden State Harley-Davidson, is hosting a benefit ride on Saturday, June 2, 2018 for the charitable organization, Mallory’s Army. The fifty mile, scenic, police escorted ride will leave the dealership at approximately 11am and wind its way through Morris County. Upon return to ...

Morris County Historical Tours Begin This Saturday With Discover Morristown's People and Places Walking Tour

June 15, 2018

MORRISTOWN, NJ - The Summer Walking Tour and Lecture Series, hosted by the Morris County Tourism Bureau are set to begin Saturday June 16.

The Discover Morristown’s People and Places Walking Tour  will take place tomorrow, Saturdays: June 16 (as well as July 7) The tour begins at 11am. Visitors are invited to take a leisurely walking tour through Morristown with author ...

Summer Concert Series: River of Dreams Comes to Morris Township's Ginty Field Gazebo

MORRIS TOWNSHIP, NJ - The Township of Morris Department of Parks and Recreation is again hosting free summer concerts at the Ginty Field Gazebo.  On Tuesday, June 19, 2018 the River of Dreams will perform at 7:00 P.M.

River of Dreams is an authentic tribute to the music of Billy Joel, a six piece band from the New York tri- state area. They cover all decades of Billy Joel’s career, ...

Garden Party Fundraiser At Historic Morristown Retreat House Features Live Baroque Music

Loyola Jesuit Center in Morristown will host its seventh annual “Evening in the Loyola Prayer Gardens” event on Thursday, June 14 from 6:30p.m. to 9:00p.m.  Funds raised will help the Center continue its mission of providing one-of-a-kind retreat experiences and spiritually-enriching programs to the community.

Guests will enjoy an outdoor evening of cocktails, a light buffet ...

What's on Tap This Week This Week in Morristown; Morris Township

June 18, 2018

MORRISTOWN, NJ - What is going to be on TAPinto this week?  

Monday (6/18) There is a Planning Board meeting in Morris Township. The meeting begins at 7:30 at the Municipal Building

Tuesday (9/19) There will be a meeting for the Morristown Parking Authority at 14 Maple Avenue at 6pm. A free Blood Pressure Screening in Morris Township at 11am (Municipal Building). The Morris ...

Buy More, Save More at Morristown's Paradise - A Lilly Pulitzer Signature Store

When shopping at Paradise:

BUY 2 ITEMS, RECEIVE 10% OFF!

BUY 3 ITEMS, RECEIVE 20% OFF!

BUY 4 OR MORE ITEMS, RECEIVE 30% OFF!

MENTION THIS AD FOR PROMOTION!

NOW THRU SUNDAY, 6/16

*valid on in-stock apparel and footwear, cannot be combined with any other offer or discount

The store is located at 980 Mt. Kemble Avenue/ Route 202 Morristown

973-425-0505

Morris Township Pools Will Be Open This Weekend

MORRIS TOWNSHIP, NJ -  Ginty and Streeter Pools in Morris Township will be open this weekend (June 6 & 7)and next (June 9 &10) from 11am - 8pm.

Both pools feature crystal clear waters and beautiful grounds for summer enjoyment. Both pools have undergone recent improvements which include a giant slide, special zero-depth entry family bays, shaded in-pool seating and ...

Danger Sinks Plan to Bring Veteran's Cruise to Roxbury's Landing Channel

June 15, 2018

ROXBURY, NJ – The Lake Hopatcong tour boat Miss Lotta tour boat won’t be cruising into Roxbury’s Landing Channel on June 30 as part of its Third Annual Veteran’s Cruise, said its captain today.

The much-anticipated visit by the big boat to the channel at the southern tip of Lake Hopatcong was scuttled after its captain, Leon Moreau, sailed her into the channel ...

New Jersey Teacher Gets Life-Saving Liver Transplant

June 18, 2018

NORTH PLAINFIELD, NJ — Maggie Heteji Grabko, a mom of two who worked this year at Westfield’s Lincoln School as a special education preschool teacher, underwent a successful liver transplant on June 13, according to an update on the family’s GoFundMe page by her husband, Shawn Grabko.

The couple lives in North Plainfield with their two children, 12-year-old Ella and ...

Why Buying a Home is Better Than Renting

People often ask if now is a good time to buy a home in New Jersey, but nobody ever asks whether or not it’s a good time to rent. Regardless, Team Nest Builder wants to make certain that everyone understands that now is NOT a good time to rent.

The Census Bureau recently released their 2018 first quarter median rent numbers. This graph from their report shows rent increases from 1988 ...

Thirty Days after the Draft

It’s been just about thirty days since the 2018 NFL Draft and the New York Jets have been working hard to build the team fans have been waiting for. Let’s recap the first round draft pick before discussing OTA’s and other Jets info.

Some New York Jets fans were certain earlier in the 2017 season that with the way the win-losses were going, Sam Darnold would be the New York ...

The Woman in the Window by A.J. Finn

The Woman in the Window by A.J. Finn (William Morrow, 2018)

 

A friend, whose opinion on literature I respect greatly, reported to me recently that she had just finished reading A.J. Finn's debut novel, The Woman in the Window. Of it she said, “I wish I hadn't finished it,” which I interpreted to mean, “It was so good I'm sorry that I finished it.” ...

The Power of Positive Engagement

June 16, 2018

June 15, 2018

To the Editor:

I wanted to share this letter from Laurie Beacham, Media Director for NJ 11th for Change, about the notable increase in voter turnout and citizens deciding to run in the recent primary election:

"The 11th Congressional District has a lot to be proud of. In the June 5th primaries, voter turnout climbed from almost 33,000 in 2014 to over ...

 What Are The Warning Signs of Suicide

June 11, 2018

The recent passings of Kate Spade and Anthony Bourdain remind us to take mental illness seriously. 

Many of us feel uncomfortable to ask when someone in distress is suicidal for fear we are putting this thought in their minds. This is not true. It is a myth that asking about suicide increases the risk of suicide. The most common mental illness is depression. Some people are ...

How Laughter Can Make You More Productive at Work

Laughter isn’t just good for health and fun; it is good for your productivity and work life as well. 

Laughter can be a great way to "win friends and influence people," as the classic book title says. We spend around one-third of day with our colleagues, so why not try to make the most of it? Some colleagues can become close friends. Others might be more like enemies, but ...

Webber Campaign Statement On de Neufville Bribe Offer

June 2, 2018

Today, the Webber campaign issued the following statement on press reports detailing an offer from Peter de Neufville to other candidates to drop out in exchange for a taxpayer paid job:

"The allegation that Peter de Neufville tried to bribe Antony Ghee is a disturbing one. This is corruption plain and simple, and it is wrong. This should be investigated thoroughly by the appropriate ...

Freeholder Team of Smith, Krickus, and Shaw provide a conservative platform, experience, and accomplishments

We are proud to run on a solid conservative platform and utilize our experience and accomplishments in the service of the residents of Morris County. Our platform includes-

Fiscal Responsibility- We will hold the line on county property taxes, as we achieved three years of zero county tax and reduced debt by over $50 million. 
Focus government on what counts- Preserve our parks and ...

Upcoming Events

Wed, June 20, 9:00 AM

The Wayrick Gallery, Scherman Hoffman Wildlife Sanctuary, Bernardsville

NJ Audubon: NJ Audubon Photography Instructors’ ...

Arts & Entertainment Green

Carousel_image_a9b88b48c5813d6f899e_29541884_983368395148362_6967640618432258091_n

Wed, June 20, 6:00 PM

End Of Elm, Morristown

Whiskey Wednesday

Running from the Scene Lands Man in Jail; This and More in this Week's Police Blotter

June 19, 2018

6/11: ARREST FOR WARRANTS: Officers executed a motor-vehicle stop for an equipment violation at Jonathan's Woods in Rockaway Township. An investigation revealed the driver, Jaclyn A. Callan, age 35, of Manalapan, to have two warrants for failure to appear in Manalapan Municipal Court. She was transferred to the custody of the Manalapan Police Department.

6/12: ARREST FOR WARRANT: Officers ...

PRESCHOOL ADVANTAGE FUNDS EIGHTY-FIVE CHILDREN AT AREA PRESCHOOLS

June 13, 2018

MORRISTOWN, NJ, June 6, 2018 -- Preschool Advantage has announced funding of preschool tuitions for 85 children at 24 partner preschools for the 2018-2019 academic year.  The selected children hail from 36 different communties in Northern New Jersey.  These families would not be able to afford preschool for their children without the support provided by Preschool Advantage and the ...