NEW BRUNSWICK, N.J. – A new nationally-representative survey of 571 graduates from four-year colleges and universities from the classes of 2006 through 2010 documents the difficulties young people encountered as they entered a volatile labor market that eventually plunged into a deep recession.
While graduates are satisfied with their decision to complete a four-year degree, a large percentage reports they are struggling to find full-time, permanent jobs with benefits that will lead to fulfilling careers.
Fifty-three percent of the graduates in the survey are working full time, and 21 percent are attending graduate or professional school. Fourteen percent are either unemployed (7 percent) or employed part time and looking for full-time work (7 percent).
The median salary of all employed recent graduates in their first full-time job after finishing school is $30,000. College graduates who obtained their first job during the recession in 2009-10 suffered a 10 percent “penalty” in reduced starting salaries compared to those who entered the workforce in 2006 and 2007.
The survey also shows that half of all recent graduates are working in jobs that did not require a Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree. Yet, 62 percent believe they will need even more formal education if they are to be successful in their chosen career.
These are some of the main findings of Unfulfilled Expectations: Recent College Graduates Struggle in a Troubled Economy, a new report from the John J. Heldrich Center for Workforce Development at Rutgers University.
The Heldrich Center interviewed a national sample of 571 graduates of four-year colleges and universities in April 2011, using the web-enabled KnowledgePanel conducted by Knowledge Networks of Menlo Park, Calif.
The survey also found that the majority of college graduates believe that their generation will not do better than the one that came before them. Not even half expect to have more financial success than their parents; one in five expect to do less well than their parents and another 31 percent say they expect to do equally well.
Professor Carl Van Horn, director of the Heldrich Center and a co-author of the study, said, “Young college graduates entering the labor market between 2006 and 2010 are competing with millions of unemployed college graduates – who may be just slightly older – in one of the worst economies in a generation. They are struggling to find full-time work, and many are working in jobs that do not require a four-year degree.
“Most wish they had taken a different major, done another internship, or started their job search sooner,” he continued. “The majority of recent graduates are convinced that they will need even more education if they are to succeed in a highly competitive workforce.”
Said Professor Cliff Zukin, a co-author of the study, “The dismal sense of college graduates’ financial future is yet another sign of the corrosive effect of the Great Recession.
Even young graduates of four-year colleges and universities, who are typically optimistic about their futures, are expressing doubt in another cornerstone of the American dream – that each generation can enjoy more prosperity than the one that came before it.”