WAYNE, NJ –National Hispanic Heritage Month is celebrated this year from September 15 through October 15. During Thursday night’s Wayne Board of Education meeting, BOE member, Dawn Kumar read off a proclamation that highlighted the contributions of Hispanic Americans in the United States. 

“The Bureau of the Census estimates the Hispanic population living in the 50 States at more than 59 million people, plus an additional 3.3 million living in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico,” read Kumar at the meeting.  “Making Hispanic Americans 18 percent of the total population of the United States and the largest racial or ethnic minority group in the United States.”

Kumar then went on to list several facts about Hispanic Americans.

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Hispanic Population

  • Between July 1, 2008, and July 1, 2018, Latinos grew the population of the United States by approximately 1,200,000 individuals, accounting for more than half of the total population growth during that period.
  • The Latino population in the United States is currently the third largest population of Latinos worldwide, exceeding the size of the population in every Latin American and Caribbean country except Mexico and Brazil

Education

  • From 1996 to 2016, the number of Hispanic students enrolled in schools, colleges, and universities in the United States doubled from 8,800,000 to 17,900,000, and Hispanics now make up 22.7 percent of all people enrolled in school in the United States.
  • More than 1 in 4 public school students in the United States are Latino, and the share of Latino students is expected to rise to nearly 30 percent by 2027.
  • Nineteen percent of all college students are Latino, making Latinos the second largest racial or ethnic minority group enrolled in higher education in the United States.

Voting

  • A record 12.7 million Latinos voted in the 2016 Presidential election, representing a record 9.2 percent of the electorate in the United States.
  • The number of eligible Latino voters is expected to rise to 40 million by 2030, accounting for 40 percent of the growth in the eligible electorate in the United States by 2032.
  • Each year approximately 800,000 Latino citizens reach 18 years of age and become eligible to vote. A number that could grow to 1 million per year, potentially adding 18 million new Latino voters by 2032.

Economy

  • In 2018, the annual purchasing power of Hispanic Americans was an estimated $1.7 trillion, which is an amount greater than the economy of all except 17 countries in the world.
  • There are more than 4.3 million Hispanic-owned firms in the United States, supporting millions of employees nationwide and contributing more than $1.7 trillion in revenue to the economy of the United States.
  • Hispanic-owned businesses represent the fastest growing segment of small businesses in the United States, with Latino-owned businesses growing at more than 15 times the national rate.

Workforce

  • As of August 2018, more than 28 million Latino workers represented 17 percent of the total civilian labor force of the United States. As a result of Latinos experiencing the fastest population growth of all race and ethnicity groups in the United States, the rate of Latino participation in the labor force is expected to grow to 20 percent by 2024.
  • With 66.1 percent of Latinos participating in the labor force, Latinos have the highest rate of participation in the labor force of any racial or ethnic group, resulting in an expansion of the Latino labor force at a rate that is 3 times as fast as the rest of the population.

As of 2017, there were approximately:

  • 326,800 Latino elementary and middle school teachers
  • 77,033 Latino CEOs
  • 54,576 Latino lawyers
  • 73,372 Latino physicians and surgeons
  • 15,895 Latino psychologists

Fighting for America

  • Hispanic Americans serve in all branches of the Armed Forces and have fought bravely in every war in the history of the United States.
  • As of 2019, there are more than 200,000 Hispanic members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty and approximately 1.2 million Hispanic veterans of the Armed Forces, including 136,000 Latinas.
  • As of 2018, more than 399,000 Hispanics have served in post-September 11, 2001, overseas contingency operations, and Hispanics represent 12.1 percent of the total number of veterans who have served in operations in Iraq and Afghanistan since September 11, 2001.
  • As of August 2019, at least 688 fatalities in Iraq and Afghanistan were members of the Armed Forces who were Hispanic.
  • An estimated 200,000 Hispanics were mobilized for World War I, and approximately 500,000 Hispanics served in World War II.
  • More than 80,000 Hispanics served in the Vietnam War.
  • Approximately 148,000 Hispanic soldiers served in the Korean War, including the 65th Infantry Regiment of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, known as the “Borinqueneers”, the only active duty, segregated Latino military unit in the history of the United States.
  • Sixty Hispanic Americans have received the Congressional Medal of Honor, the highest award for valor in action against an enemy force bestowed on an individual serving in the Armed Forces.

Public Service

Hispanic Americans hold posts at the highest levels of the Government of the United States, including one seat on the Supreme Court of the United States, four seats in the Senate, and 36 seats in the House of Representatives.

 

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Kumar concluded the proclamation by saying:

“Whereas, Hispanic Americans harbor a deep commitment to family and community, an enduring work ethic, and a perseverance to succeed and contribute to society: Now, therefore, be it resolved, that the Wayne Board of Education

  1. Recognizes the celebration of Hispanic Heritage Month from September 15, 2020, through October 15, 2020;
  2. Esteems the integral role of Latinos and the manifold heritages of Latinos in the economy, culture, and identity of the United States; and
  3. Urges the residents of Wayne to observe Hispanic Heritage Month with appropriate programs and activities that celebrate the contributions of Latinos to the United States.

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The complete BOE proclamation:

Whereas, from September 15, 2020, through October 15, 2020, the United States celebrates Hispanic Heritage Month;

Whereas the Bureau of the Census estimates the Hispanic population living in the 50 States at more than 59,000,000 people, plus an additional 3,300,000 living in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, making Hispanic Americans 18 percent of the total population of the United States and the largest racial or ethnic minority group in the United States;

Whereas, in 2017, there were close to 1,000,000 or more Latino residents in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and in each of the States of Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Massachusetts, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Texas, and Washington;

Whereas, between July 1, 2008, and July 1, 2018, Latinos grew the population of the United States by approximately 1,200,000 individuals, accounting for more than 1⁄2 of the total population growth during that period;

Whereas the Latino population in the United States is projected to grow to 107,000,000 people by 2065, at which point the Latino population will comprise more than 24 percent of the total population of the United States;

Whereas the Latino population in the United States is currently the third largest population of Latinos worldwide, exceeding the size of the population in every Latin American and Caribbean country except Mexico and Brazil;

Whereas, in 2018, there were more than 18,701,184 Latino children under 18 years of age in the United States, which represents approximately 1⁄3 of the total Latino population in the United States;

Whereas, from 1996 to 2016, the number of Hispanic students enrolled in schools, colleges, and universities in the United States doubled from 8,800,000 to 17,900,000, and Hispanics now make up 22.7 percent of all people enrolled in school in the United States;

Whereas more than 1 in 4 public school students in the United States are Latino, and the share of Latino students is expected to rise to nearly 30 percent by 2027;

Whereas 19 percent of all college students are Latino, making Latinos the second largest racial or ethnic minority group enrolled in higher education in the United States, including 2-year community colleges and 4-year colleges and universities;

Whereas a record 12,700,000 Latinos voted in the 2016 Presidential election, representing a record 9.2 percent of the electorate in the United States;

Whereas the number of eligible Latino voters is expected to rise to 40,000,000 by 2030, accounting for 40 percent of the growth in the eligible electorate in the United States by 2032;

Whereas each year approximately 800,000 Latino citizens reach 18 years of age and become eligible to vote, a number that could grow to 1,000,000 per year, potentially adding 18,000,000 new Latino voters by 2032;

Whereas, in 2018, the annual purchasing power of Hispanic Americans was an estimated $1,700,000,000,000, which is an amount greater than the economy of all except 17 countries in the world;

Whereas there are more than 4,370,000 Hispanic-owned firms in the United States, supporting millions of employees nationwide and contributing more than $1,700,000,000 in revenue to the economy of the United States;

Whereas Hispanic-owned businesses represent the fastest growing segment of small businesses in the United States, with Latino-owned businesses growing at more than 15 times the national rate;

Whereas, as of August 2018, more than 28,000,000 Latino workers represented 17 percent of the total civilian labor force of the United States, and, as a result of Latinos experiencing the fastest population growth of all race and ethnicity groups in the United States, the rate of Latino participation in the labor force is expected to grow to 20 percent by 2024, accounting for 1⁄5 of the total labor force;

Whereas, with 66.1 percent of Latinos participating in the labor force, Latinos have the highest rate of participation in the labor force of any racial or ethnic group, resulting in an expansion of the Latino labor force at a rate that is 3 times as fast as the rest of the population;

Whereas, as of 2017, there were approximately 326,800 Latino elementary and middle school teachers, 77,033 Latino chief executives of businesses, 54,576 Latino lawyers, 73,372 Latino physicians and surgeons, and 15,895 Latino psychologists, who contribute to the United States through their professions;

Whereas Hispanic Americans serve in all branches of the Armed Forces and have fought bravely in every war in the history of the United States;

Whereas, as of 2019, there are more than 200,000 Hispanic members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty and approximately 1,200,000 Hispanic veterans of the Armed Forces, including 136,000 Latinas;

Whereas, as of 2018, more than 399,000 Hispanics have served in post-September 11, 2001, overseas contingency operations, and Hispanics represent 12.1 percent of the total number of veterans who have served in operations in Iraq and Afghanistan since September 11, 2001;

Whereas, as of August 2019, at least 688 fatalities in Iraq and Afghanistan were members of the Armed Forces who were Hispanic;

Whereas an estimated 200,000 Hispanics were mobilized for World War I, and approximately 500,000 Hispanics served in World War II;

Whereas more than 80,000 Hispanics served in the Vietnam War, representing 5.5 percent of individuals who made the ultimate sacrifice for the United States in the conflict, even though Hispanics comprised only 4.5 percent of the population of the United States during the Vietnam War.

Whereas approximately 148,000 Hispanic soldiers served in the Korean War, including the 65th Infantry Regiment of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, known as the “Borinqueneers”, the only active duty, segregated Latino military unit in the history of the United States;

Whereas 60 Hispanic Americans have received the Congressional Medal of Honor, the highest award for valor in action against an enemy force bestowed on an individual serving in the Armed Forces;

Whereas Hispanic Americans are dedicated public servants, holding posts at the highest levels of the Government of the United States, including 1 seat on the Supreme Court of the United States, 4 seats in the Senate, and 36 seats in the House of Representatives; and

Whereas Hispanic Americans harbor a deep commitment to family and community, an enduring work ethic, and a perseverance to succeed and contribute to society: Now, therefore, be it

Resolved, That the Wayne Board of Education

(1) recognizes the celebration of Hispanic Heritage Month from September 15, 2020, through October 15, 2020;

(2) esteems the integral role of Latinos and the manifold heritages of Latinos in the economy, culture, and identity of the United States; and

(3) urges the residents of Wayne to observe Hispanic Heritage Month with appropriate programs and activities that celebrate the contributions of Latinos to the United States.